How many ethereum will there be

Closing the investment can be done at anytime. The world's second-largest cryptocurrency after Bitcoin is becoming increasingly more popular. Less than two years after it was introduced, Ethereum (ether) price peaked at an increase of over 1,600% and has already been declared by many as “the next Bitcoin.” Show  kik ethereum 4 Jan 2018 Ethereum had a huge 2017, growing almost 10,000% to have a market cap of over US$90 billion. Can it keep this growth up? Many people believe that Ethereum is the future of the Internet, given its meteoric price rise in 2017. This belief is still there, and many new Ethereum-based companies and  who determines bitcoin price 27 Jun 2017 A denial of service (DoS) incident on the Ethereum network happens when there are consistently full blocks and many pending transactions on the network. Recall that miners can choose to include transactions based on the transaction fee attached. If there are hundreds of thousands of transaction in 

When will ethereum switch to pos eth security studies 21 Jun 2017 JPMorgan Chase, for example, is creating a monitoring system for trading. Some corporate Ethereum users are creating their own Ether currency-free versions of the software, although many observers believe that these software programs will eventually be connected to the Ethereum network. www ethe How many ethereum are left - USA Online Service

Ether is King of Cryptocurrency — For Now - Futurism

HIVE has partnered with the world's largest cryptocurrency mining firm to build a new public company that mines cryptocurrencies like Ethereum. A GPU — or graphics processing unit — on the other hand, can mine many different types of cryptocurrencies and has the flexibility to switch between them. Genesis CTO How many ethereum are left 6 Mar 2017 The lead runners are bitcoin and Ethereum, and both have serious backing. However, it's still early days. I keep stressing that we need to remember we are experimenting here, and the end game is still a ways away. The end game is that there will be a digital currency we can all buy into. Whether it's bitcoin  eth bubble 13 Jun 2017 There is no top, anyone telling you Much like Bitcoin, Ethereum will have to endure its own scaling growing pains, but may find quicker avenues of compromise thanks to Ethereum's centralized nature. Many people are comparing this to the Dot Com bubble, but I see it slightly differently. I'd compare it  8 Dec 2017 These smart contracts run on Blockchain and eliminate the need for third parties. It can save one a lot of time and money. The market is very much split in two as the majority of investors put their money in both Bitcoin and Ethereum. Ethereum's token that you can trade with on exchanges is called an “ether” 

2 Oct 2016 It extends the blockchain concepts from Bitcoin which validates, stores, and replicates transaction data on many computers around the world (hence the . Each mining computer will run the smart contract on their computer using their Ethereum Virtual Machine as part of the mining process, and come to a 19 Sep 2017 Recently I have received many questions about the Ethereum hard fork: what will happen with all the ERC20 tokens, which basically are smart contracts deployed to Ethereum. As well it will delay the increase in mining difficulty which was placed there for the Proof of Stake (PoS) upgrade. PoS is delayed  The Ethereum BlockChain Explorer, API and Analytics Platform. siacoin price 8 Jun 2017 As of the June 4 snapshot, there were 809 cryptocurrencies and other digital assets listed on the main CoinMarketCap page. . extracted from TokenMarket we looked at earlier, we charted the proportional share of Ethereum-based assets versus all other assets that have either ICO'd already or soon will. When will ethereum switch to pos - MIB 3D

How high will ethereum go reddit2 Nov 2017 As opposed to the PoW consensus protocol, the PoS protocol achieves consensus through stakers—sometimes referred to as minters, too—who “stake” their coins by locking them down in specialized wallets. With these stakers at work, mining will become redundant, meaning the Ethereum network  22 May 2017 When does it stop? "Many crypto projects raise money from the community to develop their projects and most of them use ETH to raise money. ETH set a Right now, it's easy to raise $10 million or $20 million for your Ethereum-based business, and more businesses will flock to seize the opportunity. ethereum price in korea F2pool ethereum - Expotentiel 29 Nov 2017 With a low barrier to entry -- i.e., anyone with time, knowledge, and funding can create blockchain -- competition among virtual currencies and their blockchains can be fierce. They're also much older than most virtual currencies, with bitcoin and Litecoin being created in 2009 and 2011, respectively.

10 Jan 2018 Many coins are down by double figure percentage points with only a handful of cryptocurrencies avoiding the impact of this current sell off. One cryptocurrency that is defying the downward trend is Ethereum. As the media switches their attention to productless tokens with Twitter-happy CEOs, Ether quietly 15 Aug 2017 You could purchase a brand-new computer, but that will cut into your potential profits. Many home-based Ethereum miners choose to build their own systems as a way to save cash. If you like to tinker with hardware and have a lot of spare parts around your house, building your own system might make  1 Jul 2016 There still seems to be confusion and misinformation about what an Ethereum hard fork actually means. Rather than the incentive being for many similar projects to compete against one another for market share, a rational profit maximising strategy is to own a part of the market leader, and collaborate to  norethindrone eth 24 fe Ethermine best pool - Lindwall Law Group Can ethereum reach 100000

So I could create my own token17 Nov 2017 Many of the sales are used to back "high-quality projects, but there have been a lot of copycat projects where people copy all the same materials (and) don't intend to deliver any value to the people buying the tokens," Joseph Lubin, co-founder of ethereum, told CNBC this week at the sidelines of the  Ethereum scale how to buy ethereum with paypal Waves vs ethereum - Montillon Hotel and resorts 30 May 2017 Bitcoin, ethereum and the cryptocurrency market has rallied three-fold to $US75 billion this year – but which currencies will fail?

What will happen to my Ethereum in my wallet when Ethereum Hard

16 Jun 2017 Both ethereum and bitcoin are based on a blockchain and have their own currencies, and like bitcoin, ether (ethereum's currency) can be used as virtual money. But because the ether to be restricted. As for how much lower the cap will actually be, ethereum's website simply says it's still being researched.Ethereum US Dollar (ETH USD) Converter - 29 Aug 2017 This question, “How much are Bitcoin, Litecoin and Ethereum coins predicted to be worth by 2020, 2025, 2030?” originally However, the fallacy of this argument is even if you believe the e-currency will replace all normal currency, there is absolutely no reason to believe it will be bitcoins that rule the day. trusted place to buy bitcoins 27 Feb 2016 Ethereum Mining Profitability. As with any cryptocurrency, Ethereum mining profitability depends on many factors. The hash rate of your miners in relation to the total network hash rate will determine your share of earnings. Your earnings can also vary depending on Ether's price relative to fiat currencies like  24 May 2016 Bitcoin is a global payment network like Visa or MasterCard, but with an essential difference: There's no company with ownership or control over the network. That means you can use Ethereum to make binding, long-term commitments — which is why Ethereum programs are known as "smart contracts." 

Ether lost in trade - MM Labs USA10 Jan 2018 Mr Nerayoff said: "What you're seeing with ethereum is exponential increase in the number of projects — there are billions of dollars being poured into the ecosystem right now — maybe 10 times more projects this year than last year, which could easily lead to a doubling, probably a tripling in price by the  17 Feb 2017 Given the current plan for coin distribution, there will be 227.1M coins in existence after 10 years. This is subject to change though, as the coin issuance schedule is not yet set in stone and will depend on decisions the Ethereum Foundation makes when the protocol switches from proof-of-work mining to  ethereum minimum stake Stocks you've viewed will appear in this box, letting you easily return to quotes you've seen previously. Register now to create your own custom streaming stock watchlist. 12 Jul 2017 This is around the time that people outside of the crypto-mining scene started to pay attention, and many jumped into the mining craze--so much so that the Even if the difficulty drops (which would happen if a significant number of miners switch to a new coin), there's still a finite window in which you can 

14 Sep 2017 Ethereum. Ethereum is another cryptocurrency, and one many people see as potentially overtaking Bitcoin as the dominant coin in the market. In any economy, currency is relative. Since Bitcoin has been the leading coin since the beginning, the price of every other “altcoin” (and there are a lot of them) is 2 May 2017 Lost a bit in the mainstream spotlight has been ether, the cryptographic token that powers of the ethereum blockchain. But, when What does search interest have to do with price? Due to the design of the ethereum platform, developers are able to issue their own assets on top of the blockchain network. There are three parts to this guide (click to skip to them): Setting up a BLUE wallet, buying Ethereum and then exchanging Ethereum for BLUE. 1. For this guide we'll be using the easiest & most convenient wallet option for storing your BLUE coins- provided by MyEtherWallet (which can store any coin on the Ethereum  hyperledger vs ethereum 28 Jun 2017 There are many risks to observe at both the micro-level (e.g., personal investments) and macro-level (e.g., prevention of market crashes and major loss of With the constant influx of new coins and exchanges, TimescaleDB can provide a reliable foundation for time-series data in the cryptocurrency market. 22 Dec 2017 What is Ethereum? And does it deserve the same exuberance (rational or otherwise) that Bitcoin is garnering today? Here's everything you need to know. not have a similar overall cap. There is, however, an annual limit on new issuance of Ether at roughly 18 million, which helps keep inflation at bay.

14 Sep 2017 Bottom Line: Ripple runs on many of the same principles of Bitcoin, but for a different purpose: to serve as the middleman for all global FX transactions. Some experts are so bullish on Ethereum that they even see it becoming the world's top cryptocurrency in just a short span of time – but only time will tell.There is ongoing research on how to use formal verification to express and prove non-trivial properties. A Microsoft Research report noted that writing solid smart contracts can be extremely difficult in practice, using The DAO hack to illustrate this problem. The report discussed tools that Microsoft had developed for verifying  10 Jan 2018 Players can buy and sell virtual cats for as much as $10,000, in a bid make hundreds of thousands more in real value. Users purchase their collectable kitties with Ethereum, and then breed them to create more kitties. Virtual kittens available for purchase on Ethereum's blockchain. cryptokitties. 2. difficulty eth The process of creating and agreeing to new blocks is then done through a consensus algorithm that all current validators can participate in. There are many kinds of consensus algorithms, and many ways to assign rewards to validators who participate in the consensus algorithm, so there are many "flavors" of proof of stake  31 May 2017 "The market cap of ethereum will bypass the market cap of bitcoin by the end of the year," said Fred Wilson, chairman of the board at Etsy. Back on February 27, when bitcoin was trading in the mid-teens, we wrote "Step aside bitcoin, there is a new blockchain kid in town." In recent days, the world's 

11 Jun 2017 In fact, there are almost four times as many Ethereum nodes right now. One could argue the network doesn't need this many nodes, though. Then again, it is nice to see this number increase as more time progresses. Right now, there is no reason to believe Ethereum will not pass Bitcoin in market cap very Ethereum multiple gpu - Herbert Fisheries 4 Jan 2018 Given the popularity of Ethereum, many people are curious about what it actually is, how it's different than Bitcoin, and how to invest in it. It's also important to note the Furthermore, there can be splits (i.e. hard forks) on Ethereum like we recently saw with Bitcoin and Bitcoin Cash. This can be a good thing  ethereum mh s 11 Aug 2017 Ethereum is also being used to create a range of new marketplaces built on trustless principles, much to the delight of technolibertarians. The Golem Project describes itself as “AirBnB for computers.” Users can sell their machine's unused computing power or buy it from others. Early adopters have already  I think, there are curently 92mil tokens. ~10 mil tokens are mined each year. But in ~1 year ethereum will move from POW to POS, with ~1% inflation instead of ~10% now. Which means, ethereum will have about 100mil tokens before POS, and ~120mil to

TL;DR: the plan is to have about <100M ETHs, less than 5X bitcoin. The link you cited directly supports my statements. There is only a agreed upon yearly cap with absolutely no established distribution rate. This means that legally the inflation rate can be kept at 18 million per year Competition Tether USD on Ethereum - The Barn and Pinn Cottage If you aren't tech-savvy, Ethereum's website generously lists the code you need to use. You'll download and open up the wallet app, available for free download on Ethereum's website. You'll click “Deploy New Contract.” From there, you'll go through the basic steps of creating a token, like setting how many will exist. research collection eth 2 Jun 2017 Mining and buying bitcoin a few years ago could have made you a millionaire. But will the price of cryptocurrencies keep going up? The question is will it actually be worth it to stake Ether in the first place? Will people be able to do it securely? I have my doubts that individuals will be able to securely stake if we are talking large amounts of Ether (1000+) because the price of 1000 Ether could reach into the millions of dollars. There may be attempts to 

5 Best Ways to Buy Ethereum / Ether Classic with Credit Card Online

Ethereum raiden news - AvaLaw11 Jul 2017 What the internet did for information the Blockchain will do to Money!! Bitcoin has now paved the way for over 850 other Cryptocurrencies that are being designed by Entrepreneurs & Tech geeks who are all trying to create something special in this space. There are so many different concepts and each has  12 Aug 2017 The number break down for crypto assets can be deceiving if you don't understand it. For example, Status (SNT) trades currently around 7 cents and people may think it is a penny stock. But if you look deeper into the supply and volumes you see a completely different story. Status trades about $20-$30  siacoin ledger nano 22 Nov 2017 By now, everyone's heard about the meteoric rise of Bitcoin. The cryptocurrency smashed a record-breaking US$8200 on November 20, with many predicting its price will continue to increase. 12 Jan 2018 In the last few days, many have asked about my investment strategy and portfolio mix after writing 95Percent's: Blockchain Technology. After much deliberation, in this post, I've decided to share my…

There are a total of 17724 Erc20 Token Contracts. Which would be all the tokens that follow the Ethereum ERC20 Token Standard Interface. I counted all the tokens on CoinMarketCap that are built on Ethereum and there is 324 (Source). You can also see with this chart the amount of assets built on each 1 May 2017 And now I want you to see how much will ETH cost when Ethereum will reach Bitcoin capitalization. Assuming that there is going to be 90 million ethers, the price for one ether will be about 200 dollars which is 5 times bigger than the price right now. The capitalization is going to be 19 billion dollars. 17 Dec 2017 Among the cryptocurrency community, there is a large group who believe that Ethereum will one day have the largest market cap of all. The belief is based partly on OmiseGo is a hot pick by many to be one of the top performing cryptocurrency investments of 2018. The motto of OmiseGo is “Unbank the  ethereum check balance 22 Sep 2017 Just this past week, Buterin came out and said that Ethereum will scale to handle as many transactions as Visa over the next few years. Before Casper can be implemented, there will be a change from the old network to the new network, Metropolis, which will mean there will be a hard fork in the near  1000 finney is equal to how many ethereum - Barvy komplet

As of Q1 2017, there were almost 48 Bitcoin, Litecoin, Namecoin, Dogecoin, Peercoin, Ethereum - price, reward, difficulty, hashrate, market capitalization, block data is 6,228 You can find the statistics from https Stuning live price chart for Bitcoin, Monero, Ethereum, Litecoin and many more cryptocurrencies/cryptocoins.8 Aug 2017 Related Link: Does Bitcoin Actually Hold Any Value At All? At the top of the list is, of course, bitcoin, with a market cap of $55 billion. Ethereum is a distant second with a market cap of $25 billion, but there are seven other cryptocurrencies with market caps over a billion. The currencies include Ripple ($6.8  How high will ethereum go 2018 top bitcoin startups 11 Nov 2017 However, if your home computer is powerful enough there's no reason you can't get started mining Ethereum today. MinerGate has a built-in benchmarking tool to give you a rough idea how much you stand to make per year, although this doesn't take into account the electricity used by your machine. 17 Mar 2016 Many businesses will require 30+ confirmations from the Ethereum network, but this still pales in comparison to a 3 or 4 hour confirmation time on the Bitcoin network. While these differences are significant, it must be noted that both Ethereum and Bitcoin are in their early stages of development, and none of 

Will Ethereum be worth staking? — Steemit

10 Nov 2017 There are several good exchanges out there, so do your research. The exchange you use will depend on where you live, governing laws and personal preference. Luckily, many exchanges allow you to purchase Ether directly. Other smaller cryptocurrencies require you buy Bitcoin first, then exchange it for 18 Dec 2017 There are plenty of cryptocurrencies out there, and it can be hard to keep track of all of them. We're here to help. What is Ethereum? Well, Vitalik Buterin, a Canadian programmer born in Russia, invented Ethereum in 2015. It's a cryptocurrency much like Bitcoin that allows you to make payments online. 5 Nov 2017 Since this hard fork was planned, and non-contentious, there should be no chain split and there is nothing you need to do to prepare as it will go by largely unnoticed by many who are not in-tune with the technical back-end of Ethereum. The purpose of Metropolis is to address scalability, privacy and safety. eth price gdax Ledger Wallet Ethereum doesn't manage multiple addresses and multiple accounts. If you want to manage several accounts you need to use MyEtherWallet with your Nano S or your Blue instead of the Ledger Wallet Ethereum Chrome application following this tutorial. Your private data will still be hold and secured inside  31 Aug 2017 Users will also have to connect their rig to a mining pool, set up mining software, and create a cryptocurrency wallet. It is also important to note that many AMD and Nvidia graphics are not in stock in South Africa – including RX 580 cards – due to global shortages. This can substantially drive up the price of 

22 Sep 2017 Most of you already know that Ethereum (ETH) will go to Proof of Stake (PoS) but do you know what you are going to mine after it goes to PoS? If you are I've seen a lot of people on here posting that they are mining ETH with their Nvidia cards. I've had How much more profitable are you mining zcash?Ethereum potential - cla1921 2 Nov 2016 Since anyone can create a block , there needs to be a way that everyone on the blockchain can reach consensus, deciding together what block accurately So while Ethereum seems to be looking into many options and several variations of PoS protocols, Casper still appears to be the frontrunner. bittrex convert eth to btc 13 Jan 2018 Buy Ethereum with Credit Card or Debit Card. There are many ways to buy Ether with a CC and this section will discuss the 3 best options. Note that the fees will be around 3.5% for most options. 28 Jun 2017 Although the name may suggest otherwise, Ethereum did not emerge out of thin air. It uses similar blockchain technology to Bitcoin, but its platform is Turing-complete, which is why it's also called a "programmable blockchain." This means that much more advanced functionality and applications can be 

Proof of stake miningPrebuilt mining rigs 10 Jan 2018 'As investors move some of their vast Bitcoin profits to other cryptocurrencies, many cast their gaze over to the most popular decentralised computing platform to gain steam, along with 2018 being the year that many applications are continuing to be built on Ethereum, and will soon start hitting the market. open chain vs ethereum 2 Dec 2017 So, to me, a lot of what I'm interested in are the applications that will be natively enabled by this technology. Not an improvement in payment speed or an improvement in store of wealth, where there are many other services that offer those things. But like the internet, the most breakthrough things built on the  26 Jun 2017 In ideal circumstances an Ethereum transaction takes under 20 seconds, and some sites require multiple confirmations. You can view the In some cases there are so many transactions and blocks are finite not all transactions are picked instantly. Sometimes you need to wait for a certain amount of time 

In Bitcoin, the total supply is capped at 21 million BTC. Is the total supply of Ether capped?3 Oct 2017 What is Ether? Ether (ETH) is the primary currency on the Ethereum network. Much like bitcoin (BTC), it is created by computerized mining. Ether can be sent from one address on the Ethereum network to another, and can also be used in other transactions called "Smart contracts.''  3 Nov 2016 Many of us at ConsenSys believe the Ethereum community should be excited about the launch of Zcash and the incredible partnership opportunities that Simply put, a zero-knowledge proof means you can prove to someone that you've done a computation without their having to redo the computation  eth jobs architektur 28 Aug 2017 There are, of course, some significant technical differences, but the most important is that they differ substantially in purpose and capability. Bitcoin offers one application —a peer-to-peer electronic cash system that enables bitcoin payments. The Ethereum blockchain can support many different types of  27 Dec 2017 Technically, Ethereum isn't a cryptocurrency at all, but a special kind of blockchain technology that not only powers Ether transfers between people, but can be used to create all kinds of other cryptocurrencies — and it has. Part of the reason there are so many crpytocoins today is that many of them are built 

The $80 billion question: Why are Bitcoin and Ethereum growing so

10 Dec 2017 Let's see how much ETH a 12 GPU mining rig could theoretically produce in a year: Ethereum calculator for 12 GPU. 14.73 ETH - Now, that already seems as a nice result. If converted back to the USD using today's ETH pricing (which is wrong, as we have no clue what will be the price for ETH at the end of 14 Jun 2017 Prices for bitcoin and ethereum have also jumped this year in part because there's been a flurry of initial coin offerings, or ICOs, which start-ups use to create new digital currencies. Similar to a company issuing stock for the first time through an initial public offering, investors can use ICOs to purchase tokens  27 Dec 2017 Sure, there are a few new pretenders out there claiming to be ethereum 2.0. None have yet demonstrated anything like the innovation or rapid improvement of ethereum, nor do they have the developer mindset. You can't write any of them off just yet, but ethereum has shown a dedication to innovation at all  eth sport news Why AMD for mining - Swicons 21 Aug 2016 Even though there is no fixed supply cap for Ethereum right now, there are certain limits. The number of coins added per year varies a bit and is currently roughly 20% of the supply cap. That number can go down, assuming there will be a block reward halving in the future. Not too many ETH investors are 

21 Dec 2017 Expect to see a huge increase in actual cryptocurrency spending & adoption 2018 as many of these crypto-card companies get official approval from VISA or MasterCard. There has also been a rise of ethereum based lending solutions, such as SALT lending and ETHLend. The interest rates are expected to 2 May 2017 What will be the future value of Ethereum? A lot of people have asked me about my Ethereum price prediction so I decided to explain what I think are the 3 main drivers that will influence its price. There are 3 main questions that come to mind when making a prediction on Ethereum price: How many dapps  A tool to convert between the different ethereum units. value of 1 bitcoin in 2010 8 Jun 2017 When a campaign reaches a certain goal, the funds can automatically be transferred to the fundraising entity (and even to their agreed-upon partners and With Ethereum, developers can build as many applications as they want and go way beyond anything seen before, in new and surreal ways, such as  20 Dec 2016 Bitcoin does not have this capability. While there are certainly advantages to the Turing-complete, its complexity also brings security complications, which contributed to the DAO attack in June. Ethereum and Bitcoin: Two Very Different Beasts. While many will compare the cryptocurrency aspect of both 

(Janin, Ethereum For Investors Part II, 2015). The parties that want the transaction or smart contract executed will also pay a fee (called the gas price) in order to have it completed and added to the blockchain. In summary, there are many differences that make Bitcoin and Ethereum distinct from one another. We do not 27 Jul 2017 In 2020, there will be ~18,375,000 BTC in circulation. Writer, Technical Support - EthereumWorldNews | oliverwood@ years of experience and a package of passion for teamwork, writing and Blockchain technologies as he believes that they will give a new shape to the future. 4 Jul 2017 There are several ways you can purchase Ethereum directly with fiat currency such as USD, EUR or GBP. All you need The verification process that you have to go through in order to buy Ethereum takes now much quicker that it used to and the purchasing process is slowly becoming hassle-free. That's a  where can i use ethereum 18 hours ago Ethereum is a rising star in the cryptocurrency world. 15 Jun 2017 An outfit called the Bancor Foundation raised $153 million worth of ether (the coin of the cryptocurrency ethereum) by selling its digital tokens (the equivalent of shares) for three hours on June 12, making it the Ethereum unleashed the “initial coin offering” craze, but it can't handle its insane success 

8 Jun 2017 Following the 2017 Bitcoin Price Forecast let's cover Ethereum price forecast and see if Ethereum will crash. Step by stem reasons & explanation. Rest be assured that there will be many other new cryptocurrencies popping up here and there and many cryptocurrencies will fall. Which ones? Only time will Does Ethereum have a circulation limit like Bitcoin or is it potentially unlimited? PoS is likely to lead to quite low issuance rates; I am not comfortable promising zero, but if it is not much less than the current PoW then there is little point in First because bitcoin mining will stop because there is no more bitcoin to earn. 1 Sep 2017 "And the value of companies built on top of ethereum is now many billions of dollars." He also says that when it comes to global leaders in blockchain, Canada has a place at the table. "We certainly are punching above our weight," says Tapscott. "Toronto is one of the top five places in the world where there  whale pool bitcoin Final result: No, 50 to 100%. Prediki. The open prediction market platform for forecasting and consensus building. How many ethereum will there be - Autos y Más

How to buy BLUE (BLUE) - a step by step guide -

20 Jun 2016 A naive approach to this bug would be to write q so that it keeps track of how much is owed to B and fails if the money should already have been paid. There are different names for this depending on what the malicious contract does (such as reentry and solar-storm), but the problem is really the same 28 Mar 2016 “The owner would put a Slock (“smart lock”) on their bicycle, and register a smart contract (a kind of computer program) to the Ethereum blockchain. However, as Fast Company points out, “Ether will most likely always be associated with a monetary value as long as humans develop the code for the 
Ethereum in 201821 Jun 2017 No one can be certain pure greed contributed to the recent Ethereum bull market…but there was certainly so much cash floating around that all the excitement may come to a grinding halt. That is not surprising, however, when today's coin generation events or ICO's are pulling in millions of dollars within