Ethereum fuel

22 Sep 2017 Thank you for contributing to Etherparty, we've launched our FUEL token and have a quick tutorial on how to add them to your wallet. You will need an Ethereum wallet that supports ERC-20 tokens in…30 Oct 2017 Get Etherparty price, charts, and other cryptocurrency info. mybroadband ethereum How does metamask work - Party Var when will bitcoin halve "Ether" is the main internal crypto-fuel of Ethereum, and is used to pay transaction fees. In general, there are two types of accounts: externally owned accounts, controlled by private keys, and contract accounts, controlled by their contract code. An externally owned account has no code, and one can send messages from an Ethereum is Growing Exponentially in China

14 Aug 2017 The other day I was preparing to participate in an ICO that required me to contribute in Ether (ETH). The ICO was on Ethereum's blockchain which meant that I needed to send my Ether (ETH) to an Ethereum smart contract address.Briefly: Snapchat Crashes, Ethereum Chaos, Cat Therapy bitconnect for ethereum Gas is the internal pricing for running a transaction or contract in Ethereum. At the time of writing before the launch of Frontier it is fixed to 10 Szabo, which is about 1/100,000 of an Ether. It's to decouple the unit of Ether (ETH) and its market value from the unit to measure computational use (gas). Thus, a miner can decide to  transfer bitcoin wallet to paypal 23 May 2017 Reliable on-ramping coupled with awareness and popularity continue to fuel demand. Despite several weeks of large gains, the possibility of continuing to further ATHs for Bitcoin remains high. With declining volume and a growing bear div on high timeframes, Ethereum is beginning to show signs of 10 Dec 2017 This is why Standard American Mining and PRTI have teamed up to power an Ethereum mining operation in a different way. Instead of using electricity or renewable energy sources, they are using waste to mine cryptocurrency. More specifically, they heat used tires, which results in burnable fuel, steel, and 

transactions - What is meant by the term "gas"? - Ethereum Stack

Like many ideas in the blockchain industry, a general confusion shrouds so called 'smart contracts'. A new technology made possible by public blockchains, smart contracts are difficult to understand because the term partly confuses the core interaction described. While a standard contract outlines the terms of a relationship  31 Jul 2017 - 3 min - Uploaded by Blockchain WTFEthereum gas is a core component of Ethereum's blockchain network. In this episode of Ask tx id bitcoin "Gas" is the name for a special unit used in Ethereum. It measures how much "work" an action or set of actions takes to perform: for example, to calculate one Keccak256 cryptographic hash it will take 30 gas each time a hash is calculated, plus a cost of 6 more gas for every 256 bits of data being hashed. Is there a limit of ethereumBlocks also have total gas limits to prevent runaway computation/keep the network decentralized. In a nutshell, Bitcoin is about decentralized, trust-minimizing, sound money. Ethereum is about decentralized, trust-minimizing, sound computation. Much more detail about these differences can be read at the Ethereum Wiki 

Ethereum bamboo - When you send a transaction over the Ethereum network there are two things you have to worry about, besides sending it to the correct address, the Gas Limit and the Gas Price. To fuel a transaction you have to use Gas like in a normal car. If you want to go from A to B you need some patrol in the tank to get there. It's the  eth lad buy Developers can build and launch their own decentralized applications, or DAPPS, using smart contracts. The tradeable token of the Ethereum blockchain is known as Ether or ETH on cryptocurrency exchanges. Similarly to how a car needs fuel to function, The Ethereum platform also needs fuel to work properly. That fuel is  26 Jun 2017 Ethereum Gas Limits – Hold vs Raise vs Lower. The Ethereum ecosystem is going through a lot of problems right now, which is to be expected. A lot of transactions can effectively cripple the network with relative ease. To counter this problem, the mining pools and miners can now vote on whether or not the 1 Mar 2017 Every developer seeking to engage and make use of smart contracts on the Ethereum blockchain needs Ether to proceed. It is popularly called the fuel that runs Ethereum. It is a less expensive way of running transactions on the network when compared to buying Ether. You can also decide to sell your 

10 Apr 2016 For example, a computer program on a node of the Ethereum network could automatically run a daily auction to buy broadband capacity off competing broadband providers, whose nodes create and return bids when requested by the auction program. These contracts only run if they have sufficient fuel,  Business Ethereum Alliance Archives > Hydrogen Fuel News ethereum set to rise 31 Aug 2017 DAPPs Fuel. For every transaction, we add some Ether, the gas (fuel). The emitter of the transaction pays this tax to motivate the miners to process the transaction. Miners ensure the network is reliable and we reward them with some Ether. Gas is the fuel of the Ethereum Machine. We send transactions  18 units of Wei. Gas, on the other hand, is the fuel that drives smart 24 Aug 2017 It appears there is a fair bit of confusion regarding both Ethereum and NEO right now. Most people know the Ethereum network requires so-called gas to complete transactions. This gas is similar to mining fees in the Bitcoin world. However, the NEO ecosystem – which aims to rival Ethereum – has its own 

US Firms Use Fuel Derived From Old Tires to Mine Ethereum

Qtum wallet staking We offer an ETH / INR order book, which allows you to buy and sell ETH, or Ether, the native token of Ethereum blockchain. Ether allows you to pay for 'gas', the fuel for computing power on the Ethereum network. Ethereum, known as the World Computer, web 3.0, and enabler or Internet of Things, offers a secure way to run  ethereum wallet android 8 Nov 2017 The lost money was in the form of Ether, the tradable currency that fuels the Ethereum distributed app platform, and was kept in digital multi-signature wallets built by a developer called Parity. These wallets require more than one user to enter their key before funds can be transferred. On Tuesday Parity  28 Mar 2016 Russian regulators are taking severe steps against cryptocurrencies, and bitcoin might be facing tough times in the months to come. But does this equally refer to Ethereum and its “crypto-fuel” ether? Despite a certain dissent among Russian regulators concerning technicalities of the “bitcoin ban”, the life for 28 Jun 2017 At the core of what ensued is the mechanics of fee estimation in Ethereum. Ether, also known as ETH, is the intrinsic currency on the Ethereum network. The smallest denomination of ether is the Wei, where one ether is defined as 10

14 Jun 2017 Technically, Lingham's statement is accurate in that Ethereum is a Blockchain network developed to facilitate the growth of decentralized applications (DApps). Its native token Ether was not designed to operate as a digital currency. Rather, Ether is used as gas or fee to fuel DApps launched on top of the  “What is the “Gas” in Ethereum?". CryptoCompare. Retrieved 2017-01-15. ConsenSys (2016-06-23). “Ethereum, Gas, Fuel, & Fees”. ConsenSys Media. Retrieved 2017-01-15. “U.S. investment firm launches $10 mln ethereum classic private fund”. Reuters. 2017-04-26. Retrieved 2017-04-27. “Ethereum Classic (ETC) price,  eth gas calculator fuel | Cryptocurrencies Bitcoin Ethereum Futurocoin Records 1 - 100 of 120 M. The smart contracts creation platform to receive $3M in investment, with digital token FUEL to be listed on http://ACX. If you'd like to view this post in Bitcoin and Ethereum. Invest in Upfiring during our crowdsale in early-October and receive our ERC20-compliant Upfire tokens (UFR) directly to your 20 Sep 2017 Referring to the report, The Future of Blockchain: Key Vertical Opportunities & Deployment Strategies 2017-2022, the researcher estimated that total transaction for the first half of 2017 passed US$325 billion, driven by the dramatic increase in Ethereum's price which saw it account for two-thirds of 

17 May 2016 Transaction batching makes Golem feasible for our initial use cases at the present costs of gas. But this is just the beginning: we decreased the transaction cost even further by introducing a probabilistic payment scheme. See A Probabilistic Nanopayment Scheme for Golem for more details. Apart from  Token gas site ethereum pow 15 Jun 2017 But there's a big difference between Bitcoin and Ethereum, just like there's a big difference between a cryptocurrency and a blockchain. "Ether" — you'll hear this term a lot — is the actual cryptocurrency associated with the public Ethereum blockchain, where it is used as "gas" to fuel smart contracts. 4 Aug 2017 Etherparty is holding a pre-sale from August 7th to the start of their official public token sale, slated for October 1st, 2017. At least half of the FUEL tokens on sale are reserved for the public sale. The minimum purchase for the pre-sale is $50,000, but people can pool funds into one purchase through several Fuel tokens - 1. FC Heiningen

Please consult this article to add an Ethereum token that is already on our native list, and this one if you are Fri, 26 Jan, 2018 at 5:40 AM The Gas Limit is calculated automatically in Coinomi. Think of using a car analogy: You need to drive 500km, and you need 30 litres of gas to get there Wed, 29 Nov, 2017 at 2:39 PM. How much Etherparty (FUEL) is 34 (ETH) ? Check the latest Etherparty (FUEL) prices in Ethereum (ETH)! - smc2209usb eth Moon ethereum coin 17 Jun 2017 Things you learn about Ethereum when you make your first transaction; Payouts from mining pools, the mist ehtereum wallet and Gas13 Oct 2017 When ethereum transactions fail — often due to an insufficient gas amount — senders do not lose any of the tokens they were attempting to send; however, they do forfeit the transaction fee, which in this case amounted to more than $80,000. It is not immediately clear what caused the transaction to fail.

Ethereum mining is profitable, but not for long - Tech in Asia

Testrpc out of gas How To Buy Etherium Ether Mod - LarkTrail – Crypto-Currency Trading ethereum classic geth Ether gas calculator 5 Dec 2017 CryptoKitties can be bought using only Ether, a crypto-currency that acts as the fuel of the Ethereum blockchain network. To get started, users must install a Chrome extension called MetaMask, which acts as a digital wallet and lets players send and receive Ether from their computers. Ether must be Ethereum Archives | SatoshiPoint - Crypto ATMs

Ether is the digital currency or "fuel" of Ethereum, a very influential open source network home to many tokens and ICOs (initial coin offerings). Iota. a cryptocurrency developed specifically for the Internet of Things using Winternitz hash-based cryptography signatures. The smallest unit of account on IOTA is an Iota, after the  16 Oct 2017 Many people see the return BTC has offered in the last 5 years and are looking for the next big thing. Recently multiple articles on SA voiced an opinion that Ether (Ethereum's underlying crypto "fuel") is the next investment for huge returns. I explain why this is not really the case both due to the situation with  skill incubator bitcoin Etherparty presale - Planet Smart Solutions Etherparty (FUEL) ICO review - A Smart Contract Creator - CCN Bitcoin is yesterday's news - agencies need to wise up to - PR Week

19 Sep 2017 Ethereum, launched in 2015 by Vitalik Buterin, is a special blockchain with a special token called Ether (the ETH symbol in exchanges). Ether is used as fuel (literally, gas) to power the Ethereum network and execute smart contracts (see below). Ether is paid to miners (the people running the network) in  29 Jul 2016 Given that smart contracts run in the EVM, there must be a mechanism to limit the resources used by each contract. Every single operation that is executed inside the EVM is actually simultaneously executed by every node in the network. This is why gas exists. An Ethereum transaction contract code can  eth to usd graph 9 Jun 2017 In Brief. Russia has shown a great deal of interest in Ethereum-based blockchain technology. This could signal a move toward diversifying Russian interests with technology outside of fossil fuels. Ethereum out of gas - Trend Bygg ASAll relevant comments and discussions regarding FUEL ETH.

FUELETH price, cryptocurrency exchange rate and FUEL/ETH chart Ethereum gas price calculator ethereum current difficulty Ethereum gas price calculator - Mariani-Pérez Maraviglia Ethereum gas calculatorFind the current Etherparty Ethereum rate and access to our FUEL ETH converter, charts, historical data, news, and more.

12 Jul 2017 Ether and Ethereum are all the rage right now, and they have a different purpose than bitcoin. Some investors are making services on the platform. The currency is the "fuel for the Ethereum virtual machine," said Andreas Weiler, the head of markets at Smith and Crown, a crypto-financial research group. 4 Oct 2017 To raise funds, the cryptocurrency venture announced a FUEL token crowdsale that entered the public phase on Sunday, Oct. 1, 2017 at 9 A.M. PDT. By 9:45 A.M. PDT, however, hackers had already managed to breach the company's website and post their own Ethereum address on the ICO page. best ethereum faucets Compare Etherparty (FUEL) vs Ethereum Cash (ECASH If the issue persists, please try sending this same transaction again using MyEtherWallet instead of the Ledger Wallet application following this guide. If you see the "Transaction failed / Transaction rejected by the server" error message on the Ledger Wallet Ethereum application, it means that your transaction can't be This beginner's guide should help you understand an Ethereum token at a high level and how they are different than Ethereum.

Digital assets in Ethereum blockchain - TokenMarket

Ethereum-centered Ondiflo Consortium Tackles oil and fuel 10 Dec 2017 This is why Standard American Mining and PRTI have teamed up to power an Ethereum mining operation in a different way. Instead of using electricity or renewable energy sources, they are using waste to mine cryptocurrency. More specifically, they heat used tires, which results in burnable fuel, steel, and  how to build ethereum apps Ethereum, Gas, Fuel & Fees | Crypto TV 5 Jul 2017 Ether or ETH is the token of the Ethereum blockchain. It serves as the 'crypto-fuel' whose purpose is to pay for computation, and is not intended to be used as or considered a currency, asset, share or anything else. Developers who intend to build apps that will use the ethereum blockchain need Ether, and Ethereum out of gas - Mariani-Pérez Maraviglia

Ethereum current gas price Etherparty to Ethereum Ether ( FUEL / ETH ) markets ( 0.00019670 ) - Coinhills Digital Currency Market Finder helps you to search trending coins including Bitcoin with a few clicks. It supports the overall statistics of digital coins and exchanges lively. hyperledger fabric vs ethereum Ether, gas en Ethereum. Ethereum biedt de mogelijkheid aan iedereen om apps te ontwikkelen in volledige vrijheid. Ook is Ethereum een platform voor de zogen. What is Gas? If your transaction shows "Out of Gas", try doubling the gas limit you sent with before, or manually increasing to 400000. Ethereum is the network—the blockchain. Ether (ETH) is the fuel for that network. Whenever you send tokens, interact with a contract, send ETH, or do anything else on the blockchain, you Steem price prediction 2017 -

2 Jun 2016 - 28 minJoseph Chow will explain Ethereum/'s gas in detail. This will include the relationship between 2 Aug 2017 While Samsung SDS joining the Enterprise Ethereum Alliance threw more fuel to the fire, media hype over Ethereum since its debut may have tipped the scale. “During the Ethereum boom, lots of Koreans bought it and luckily made a lot of money. That was a period when Ethereum jumped 300% in a  eth ball 2017 Ambrosus AMB Supply chain crypto 2 May 2017 Ethereum fuels hundreds of new cryptocurrencies. Many other cryptocurrencies have been deployed on the Ethereum network. You can follow the top 50 Ethereum token on this site, the most popular ones are Augur, Golem, Gnosis, Digixdao, SingularDTV. All those applications increase the utility of 9 May 2017 Some look to the skies and wonder how the stars operate. Whether they communicate, whether it all builds into a big, self-organizing, perhaps intelligent, system. Some look at our cells and think whether, if we can zoom deep enough, we can find a civilization sort of like our own. Some look at us, the seven 

90% 2800W Mining Power Supply for Ethereum Bitcoin Miner Gas price eths band members anonymous and decentralized platform using blockchain technology and a personalized token based on ethereum's smart contract ecosystem for the transactions of the platform. Ethereum bot telegram12 Jul 2017 Ether (ETH), the crypto-fuel of the Ethereum blockchain​, has seen a sharp correction recently and is trading below $200. The cryptocurrency was on a spectacular uptrend, crossing the $400 mark a month ago. This is the first time since May 30 that Ether has dropped below $200, a fall of 50% since its 

Neo gas - Christy LeMaster The latest irrational Bitcoin panic helps fuel the Ethereum bubble xmr to eth Whenever cryptocurrency is moved on the Ethereum blockchain – whether it is Ethereum or a token – it incurs an internal cost known as “gas”. You can think of it as fuel for moving tokens and coins from one location to another – hence the name. As with all tokens running on top of the Ethereum blockchain, Rebellious  Gas is the name for the execution fee that senders of transactions need to pay for every operation made on an Ethereum blockchain. The name gas is inspired by the view that this fee acts as cryptofuel, driving the motion of smart contracts. Gas is purchased for ether from the miners that execute the code. Gas and ether are Introduction. Ethereum is the network, also known as the blockchain. Ether (ETH) is the fuel for that network. When you send tokens, interact with a contract, send ETH, or do anything else on the blockchain, you must pay for that computation. That payment is calculated in Gas and gas is paid in ETH . You are paying for the 

Ether and Ethereum: What they are and how they compare to bitcoin

If there are leftover FUEL, let them overflow to the crowdfund function finalizePresale() external onlyOwner returns (bool success) { require(presaleFinalized == false); uint256 amount = presaleAmountRemaining; if (amount != 0) { presaleAmountRemaining = 0; addToBalance(crowdfundAddress, amount); } presaleFinalized  Ethereum emission - CrossFit Pitstop best ethereum mining rig Ether is the fuel for the EVM (Ethereum Virtual Machine), that's why it's called a token. Ether is more comparable to oil, valued for its utility in being used as a fuel, as well as the cost of usage. Strictly speaking, it should not be called a currency or coin. But since Ether is traded on cryptocurrency exchanges, the distinction is  Two US Firms Use Fuel Derived From Old Tires to Mine Ethereum Major South Korean E-Commerce Firm's Integration of

1 Jun 2017 To simplify what ether is, it is the “fuel” for the ethereum network to function. This fuel is known as crypto-fuel in the market. Crypto-fuel is a form. ethereum Archives | Gaming Fuel omg eth airdrop While many people use Ethereum and run into transaction fees, they don't know what those fees are, how much they are actually paying, how this effects transaction speeds, and much more. In this case, it is Ethereum Gas. Let's walk through everything you need to know here. As a live example on ropsten we can observe raiden's channel manager for a given token. Should be https://ropsten. The Ethereum BlockChain Explorer, API and Analytics Platform. Interact with the Ethereum blockchain easily & securely. Gas Price: {{gas. Win Gas Find your nearby JET: Petrol in Sweden, maps and GPS Ethereum - Founding Fuel

New virtual currency, Niobium Coin (NBC) will be the "fuel" of t Each time you invoke a function in contract that requires state change in the block,it would cost x amount of gas , so every time you call different or same function in a contract that requires a state change,you would see that x amount of gas is being deducted along with its taxation is the reason you  ethereum price watch Ethereum hd wallet - VoteNet 31 May 2017 And coins help "fuel" that cause, so to speak, without getting technical. For most people in the U.S., Coinbase would be the easiest option to buy Ethereum, Bitcoin, or Litecoin (it doesn't support any others yet). After verifying your account, you can add a number of payment methods including credit or debit 28 Jun 2016 I've been trying to figure out what Gas means in Ethereum. There is lots of information out there but I will add to it by describing what I found in my own words. Gas is just a unit of currency, like a token. It is used to set a price on different types of code execution inside the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM).

Ethereum (ETH) and tokens long transaction time / high fees – Jaxx So what will be the "mainstream" coin|currency* that people use in the future for everyday transactions between each other and enterprise ethereum alliance reddit 3 Jun 2016 We are now over three months into Homestead, and it has been an intense ride as we've seen increased mainstream media attention, massive ETH price increases, and witnessed the birth of “The DAO” as the largest crowdfunded project ever. All these are reasons to celebrate and be grateful that we are  Is there a limit of ethereum - ArenaEther is a necessary element — a fuel — for operating the distributed application platform Ethereum. It is a form of payment made by the clients of the platform to the machines executing the requested operations. To put it another way, ether is the incentive ensuring that developers write quality applications (wasteful code 

16 Jun 2017 By now, chances are pretty good that you've heard of bitcoin, the cryptocurrency unleashed on the world in 2009 by a mysterious person or group that goes by Satoshi Nakamoto. Maybe you've heard it's the currency that fuels massive darknet drug markets like the now-defunct Silk Road. Or maybe your  To undertake any of these transactions, it is necessary to have Ether (the fuel of the Ethereum blockchain) residing in the Ethereum account which the transactions are taking place from. This is to pay for the Gas costs, which is the transaction execution cost for the Ethereum client that performs the transaction on your behalf,  value of bitcoin in 2007 23 Jun 2016 Using more computation and storage in Ethereum means that more gas is used. One fundamental reason for metering is that it provides an incentive for people (miners) to operate the World Computer. These miners get a fee for processing transactions, which is determined by the metering scheme: gas. For this guide we'll be using the easiest & most convenient wallet option for storing your Etherparty coins- provided by MyEtherWallet (which can store any coin on the Ethereum blockchain, including Etherparty). Go to and enter a password that would be hard to guess (but which you won't forget!). Note: if Hyperledger Releases Sawtooth 1.0 – BTC Ethereum Crypto

29 Jul 2016 Ether is the cryptocurrency of the Ethereum network and carries the ticker ETH. It differs to bitcoin and other altcoins, as it was not created as a cryptocurrency for financial transactions but instead as the 'fuel' powering the Ethereum blockchain. Therefore, anyone who uses their computing power to validate  Purpose. Understanding how gas works is crucial for Ethereum users interested in participating in ICOs, using smart contracts, and even making simple transfers between wallets. In this post, I hope to explain what gas is and how it works. Skip to the end for a simple summary of things. To start off, we need to understand  ethereum mining rx 460 Long ethereum - Spectrum One Ropsten gas priceEthereum transactions per second - TK Kartika XVI

[FUD] What to do with an Ethereum Fuel Token ? - Bitcoin Forum

What is ether Eth pay ethereum mist releases Live Coin Watch: Cryptocurrency Prices & Market Cap List Ethermine feeEther gas calculator - Panzerriegel Ratgeber

Geth transfer ether - Blog Royal In a certain way, ether is loosely akin to traditional commodities like oil and gas because ETH has a fuel-like function on the Ethereum network. In the future, then, ether should continue to appreciate in value as “digital oil” for the blooming Ethereum network that one  low fee ethereum Gas (GAS): The Subtle Coin Set to Rise under NEO – Crypto Recorder 31 Jul 2017 Ethereum gas is a core component of Ethereum's blockchain network. In this episode of Ask an Expert, our blockchain expert Taylor explains what Ethereum gas is, and how it differs from Ethereum's cryptocurrency: Ether. Check out our video, and see below for the script for this video episode! Stay tuned Testrpc out of gas - Maja Baja

Ether is often referred as the fuel for the Ethereum network because it helps run the decentralized applications on the network. You would need Ether to do anything on the Ethereum Platform. Ether is the payment you make to do things on the platform (Thereby it's like an fuel that powers the system). To understand Ether  Neo gas coin ethereum wallet sync slow Here is What Your Antshares Do Antshares and Antcoins 8 Jun 2017 People often use the terms Ethereum and Ether interchangeably, however, they are technically different. Ethereum is the smart contract network, whereas Ether is the token or currency needed to fuel the network. That said, as with many new technologies and new names, most people (including Luno) to Moon ethereum coin - Result Development

29 Sep 2017 If you want to create or take advantage of Ethereum smart contracts in any way, shape, or form you will need a good understanding of Ethereum Gas. Gas is the rather inaccurate name used for the metering and pricing of services in Ethereum. A mechanism like gas is needed because Ethereum is actually  Pyethapp windows - Winter Fuhrunternehmen ethereum tokens explained Сurrent EtherParty / Ethereum exchange rate, Real-time market data: buy & sell rate, charts, order book. In this way, 'ether' has sometimes been called 'digital oil', and taking this analogy further, ethereum transaction fees are calculated based on how much 'gas' the action requires. Each action costs an amount of gas that's based on the computational power required and how long it takes to run. A transaction costs 500 gas, Ethereum current gas price - Herbert Fisheries

Saw an advert to trade Ethereum on the London underground Ethereum, Gas, Fuel & Fees - Ether in the News world largest bitcoin exchange Symbol, FUEL. Price, $ 0.23 (14.54%). Total Supply, 1,000,000,000.00 FUEL $ 232,691,000.00. Decimals, 18. Owner, 0x313623af04f254B543b1d1344A1E9F200DBB19F5. Transfers, 25895. Issuances. Holders, 8051  This design features the official Ethereum logo with the cool diamond symbol that is the visual representation of ether crypto fuel. This is a great design to show your support for ethereum, ether, crypto coins, crypto currency, btc, bitcoin, litecoin, dogecoin and all the other alt coins and that use the open ledger blockchain FUEL/ETH - EtherParty/Ethereum HITBTC exchange charts. Trade History, Volume, Market Depth

Ethereum's Potential: Possibly Revolutionary - Datamation

14 Dec 2017 The companies have joined hands to create a large-scale Ethereum mining operation by using old tires to generate the energy needed. The byproducts which are generated by burning the tires are used to fuel the turbines and generate the electricity which is needed in order to run the mining operation.
Ethereum emission